Tom eventually feels bad about being so awful, but has to remain abroad. The qualities of imagination and heart are found in the circus folk that Gradgrind despises. Dickens also wanted to expose the bad state of relations between factory employers and their employees.
Bounderby never fails to talk at length about this subject. The role of status on morality[ edit ] Dickens is also concerned, throughout Hard Times, with the effects of social class on the morality of individuals.
Summary — Chapter 4: This section needs additional citations for verification. Towns such as these helped to produce the wealth that made England the foremost industrial power in the mid-nineteenth century, but the cost in human happiness was great.
The philosophy of fact is continually shown to be at the heart of the problems of the poor—the smokestacks, factory machines, and clouds of black smog are all associated with fact—while fancy is held up as the route to charity and love between fellow men.
Murdering the Innocents In the industrial city of Coketown, a place dominated by grim factories and oppressed by coils of black smoke, the dark-eyed, rigid man—Thomas Gradgrind—has established a school. Gradgrind that he was born in a ditch, abandoned by his mother, and raised by a cruel, alcoholic grandmother.
Clearly, a commitment to factual accuracy does not lead directly to selfishness, and a commitment to imagination does not signify a commitment to social equality.
Gradgrind apprehends Louisa and Tom, his two eldest children, at the circus. Stay tuned to see what happens.
Drawing upon his own childhood experiences, Dickens resolved to "strike the heaviest blow in my power" for those who laboured in horrific conditions. He later returned to school but left at fifteen to work as a law clerk, a court reporter, and a political journalist before devoting himself to writing full-time.
In contrast to these behaviours, Mr. Gradgrind's son, Tom, a self-centered whelp who uses everyone around him for his own purposes and eventually turns out to be a thief; his daughter, Louisa, whose emotions have been so smothered that she allows herself to be forced into a loveless marriage that produces nothing but unhappiness; Bitzer, a creature who rises in the world by sneaking and spying to serve his own interests; and Sissy Jupe, upon whom the system has had no effect.
Louisa and Sissy now suspect that Tom has committed the bank robbery, and told Stephen to loiter outside the bank in order to incriminate him. A self-made man, Bounderby demeans his family, claiming to have escaped an abusive childhood through his wits alone. The obvious solution, that workers should organize collectively in trade unions to protect their interests, was not one that Dickens embraced.
Rachael goes to the bank to say she knows where Stephen Blackpool is he has left town to seek work elsewhere and that she will write asking him to return to Coketown to clear his name.
Retrieved 18 November Bounderby spends his whole time fabricating stories about his childhood, covering up the real nature of his upbringing, which is revealed at the end of the novel.
Gradgrind takes her in as a servant. And that he has been really creepily waiting to marry her. He also conducts himself without any shred of decency, frequently losing his temper.
He is rescued by villagers; but after professing his innocence and speaking to Rachael for the last time, he dies. mad elephants, like the Hard Fact men, abated nothing of their set routine, whatever happened. Day and night again, day and night again.
The monotony was unbroken. Even Stephen Blackpool's disappearance was falling. Hard Times study guide contains a biography of Charles Dickens, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. HARD TIMES, BY CHARLES DICKENS. CHAPTER XXXIII.
DAY and night again, day and night again. No Stephen Blackpool. Where was the man, mad elephants, like the Hard Fact men, abated nothing of their set routine, whatever happened.
Day and night again.
Hard Times study guide contains a biography of Charles Dickens, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. About Hard Times Hard Times. Hard Times: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Essays and criticism on Charles Dickens' Hard Times - Critical Evaluation.Charles dickens hard times analysis